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Thermal Sciences

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Research Highlights: 

A significant portion of the research in thermal sciences at UM has applications in automotive engineering. The development of new, more sustainable technologies is a strong focus. Topics of research include automotive systems design, internal combustion processes and systems, friction in spark ignition engines, development of transient diesel engine simulation, diesel engine combustion, natural gas operation of diesels, hybrid propulsion technology, alternative fuels, and fuel cells for HCCI engines. Researchers also work on related topics such as pollution formation and nanoparticle interactions with biomolecular systems.

Other areas of research include heat and mass transfer, energy conservation, fire suppression and flow spread,  refrigerant properties, metal hydride heat pumps and hydrogen storage, micro-scale power generation as an alternative energy source, thermoelectric energy conversion, and nanoparticle growth and self-assembly. Researchers have ties to other departments and programs at UM including Chemical, Biomedical, and Aerospace Engineering; and the Applied Physics Program. Work in the thermal sciences is funded by diverse sources, including the NSF, the Airforce Office of Scientific Research, the US Army, the US Department of Energy, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Researchers: 

Arvind Atreya

Combustion, fire, heat and mass transfer, fire suppression

Claus Borgnakke

Metal hydride heat pumps and hydrogen storage

Hong Im

Computational methods for reacting flows

Massoud Kaviany

Heat transfer physics related to novel and efficient energy conversion

Kevin Pipe

Microscale heat transfer, photovoltaic energy conversion

Volker Sick

Molecular spectroscopy, development and application of laser techniques for combustion diagnostics

Angela Violi

Nanoparticle interactions with biomolecular systems

Margaret Wooldridge

Reburn and co-firing technologies, pollution mitagation