Research Interests: Computational fluid dynamics with emphasis on turbulence physics, modeling, and control; bio-mimetic fluid dynamics; multi-scale modeling and simulation including direct, large-eddy, lattice Boltzmann, and stochastic simulations; spectral and spectral multi-domain methods; parallel computing.
Research Interests: Mechanical behavior of materials including polymers, elastomers and soft tissue; tissue engineering of tendon and muscle constructs; constitutive modeling of growth, remodeling and functional adaptation in soft tissue; deformation mechanisms in polymers; crystal transformation mechanisms in semi-crystalline polymers; split Hopkinson pressure bar testing of polymers and elastomers for high strain rate applications including crashworthiness in automotive applications.
Research Interests: Combustion; fire; heat and mass transfer; energy conservation; fire suppression; diffusion flame ignition and extinction under microgravity conditions; soot and NOx formation and oxidation in diffusion flames; flame spread; diesel engine combustion.
Research Interests: Precision engineering; mechatronics; flexure mechanisms; high-precision high-bandwidth motion systems for applications in nanometrology and nanomanufacturing; MEMS sensors and actuators; minimally invasive surgery.
Research Interests: Control theory and applications; high precision motion control; iterative learning control; high-performance nano-scale printing for electrical and biomedical applications; micro/nano-manufacturing; control for manufacturing; cooperative control; control for autonomous vehicles
Research Interests: Automotive engineering including: fuel production and formulation, alternative fuels, diesel combustion, spark ignition combustion, autoignition, spray behavior, particulate emissions, NOx emissions, emissions control, thermodynamics of energy conversion systems
Research Interests: Fluid mechanics with emphasis on experimental methods, multiphase flows, high Reynolds number flows, cavitation and bubbly flows, optical flow measurement methods, electrical and radiation based tomography.
Research Interests: My research, which focuses on making impactful contributions to the areas of manufacturing and sustainability, considers multiple scales: identifying significant opportunities to cut emissions and/or costs by conducting large scale analyses on processes, factories and material supply chains, and pursuing a rigorous technical analysis in order to capitalize on the opportunities.
Research Interests: Renewable energy and energy storage; nanomanufacturing; atomic layer deposition; high-resolution microscopy and spectroscopy of nanomaterials; surface science and catalysis; electrochemistry; nanowires; energy policy and economics
Research Interests: Research focuses on biological and epidemiological systems, aerospace and automotive structures, and turbomachinery. Examples include creating novel mechano-chemical dynamic models of nanoscale intracellular transport processes, developing the next generation of highly-sensitive diagnosis and monitoring techniques, discovering novel methods for forecasting tipping points in complex systems such as disease epidemics and ecological systems, developing innovative reduced order models of multi-physics systems such as Li-ion batteries and complex structures, creating advanced system identification and control methodologies for smart structures and fluid-structural systems. These blend novel methods and theory with fundamental experiments in linear and nonlinear dynamics from macro to nano-scale.
Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Associate Professor, Biomedical Engineering; Associate Professor, Cell and Developmental Biology; Associate Director, Michigan Center for Integrative Research in Critical Care
Research Interests: Prof. Garikipati's work draws from nonlinear mechanics, materials physics, applied mathematics and numerical methods. He is particularly interested in problems of mathematical biology, biophysics and the mechanics of biology. Current research interests include: (1) growth and remodeling or biological tissue, cell adhesion and cell mechanics (2) stress-defect interactions and transport in semiconductor/microelectronic materials, and (3) multiscale aspects of material behavior with an emphasis on plasticity at small scales.
Research Interests: Developing computational and mathematical tools for electronic structure calculations at macroscopic scales, multi-scale modeling, analysis of approximation theories, electronic structure studies on defects in solids.
Research Interests: Manufacturing systems: configuration design, performance analysis (quality, productivity and responsiveness), mass customization. Assembly and materials joining: Assembly system design, variation propagation analysis, joint design, joining/welding methods Sheet Metal forming: stamping, hydroforming Engineering statistics: statistical process control and monitoring, robust design
Research Interests: Fluid mechanics, with an emphasis on multiphase flow, cavitation and bubble dynamics, computational fluid dynamics, high-speed flow and shock waves, turbulence and mixing, interfacial instabilities, plasmas, and high-performance computing. Applications include biomedical engineering, energy, aeronautics, turbomachinery, naval engineering and high-energy density physics.
Research Interests: Heat Transfer Physics: efficient and innovative energy transport and conversion (transformation) through atomic tailoring of the principal energy carriers (phonon, electron, fluid particle, and photon). Current energy-related projects include thermoelectricity, phonoelectricity, thermal switch, and multidimensional wicks for record conductance and heat flux.
Research Interests: Bio-inspired engineering design - soft robots, complaint and shape-adaptive systems; Topology, size and shape optimization of complaint mechanisms - product design for no-assembly; Design for manufacturability; Technology policy and advanced manufacturing.
Research Interests: Microelectromechanical systems; microscale thermal engineering and design; heat transfer in micro/nano structures; semiconductor processing for micromechanical structure fabrication; microfluidic device; sensors and actuators.
Research Interests: Advanced Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing Technologies Nanolithography in Combination with Bottom-Up Methods for Assembling and Tailoring Nanomaterials into Functional Device Architectures Scale-up Applications in Photovoltaics, Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics, Nanofluidic Devices, and Integrated Bio/Chemical Sensors
Research Interests: Energy storage and electrochemistry; simulation of nano/microstructure evolution; mechanics in nano/micro systems; advanced manufacturing; mechanical properties and performance of advanced materials and relation to microstructures.
Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Robert H. Lurie Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering; Professor, Materials Science and Engineering; Director, Center for Laser-Aided Intelligent Manufacturing, Mechanical Engineering; Director, NSF I/UCRC for Lasers and Plasmas for Advanced Manufacturing, U of M Site
Research Interests: Transforming the field of materials processing by laser from a technological art to scientifically based engineering; laser aided manufacturing; atom to application; technical approach including on-line optical diagnostics, transport phenomena modeling, non-equilibrium synthesis of materials with tailored properties, and their evaluation and characterization.
Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Shien-Ming (Sam) Wu Collegiate Professor of Manufacturing Science; Director, S.M. Wu Manufacturing Research Center; Co-Director, Multi-Campus National Science Foundation Center for Intelligent Maintenance Systems; Deputy Director, NSF-Engineering Research Center for Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems
Research Interests: Intelligent Maintenance of Large Industrial Systems; Optimization of Manufacturing Operations; Manufacturing Process Modeling, Analysis and Design; Precision Engineering and Metrology; Quality Control Methods.
Research Interests: Design and optimization of mechatronic systems, with current applications to sustainable manufacturing and the automotive industry. Research projects include: precision, speed and energy efficiency improvements in motion delivery systems of manufacturing machines; passive and active vibration control in ultra-precision manufacturing machines; modeling and control of electric power assist steering systems; actuator dynamics of gasoline direct injection engines; sustainable manufacturing in less developed countries.
Research Interests: Nonlinear dynamics and control, time-delay systems, networks and complex systems, dynamics and control of connected vehicles, ground robots and autonomous vehicles, neural networks, gene-regulatory networks.
Research Interests: Fracture and failure of materials, fatigue testing and modeling, constitutive laws for porous and pressure-sensitive materials, sheet metal forming, crankshaft fillet rolling and residual stresses, rolling modeling and fatigue, modeling/testing of fusion welds, solid state welds and mechanical joints, modeling/testing of deformation behavior of lithium-ion battery
Research Interests: Vehicle dynamics and control; electromechanical systems; optimal control; human driver modeling; vehicle active safety systems; control of hybrid and fuel cell vehicles; energy system design and control for mobile robots.
Research Interests: Microscale heat transfer, especially related to electronic and optoelectronic devices; thermoelectric energy conversion; scanning probe techniques; photovoltaic energy conversion; organic and hybrid organic/inorganic devices.
Research Interests: Design, optimization, and dynamics of new generations of engineered materials (metamaterials) that allow improved control over the propagation of acoustic, elastic and electromagnetic waves with applications in biomedical engineering, telecommunications, aero- and underwater acoustics; noise control; smart materials; mechatronics.
Research Interests: Design, simulation, optimization, and control of legged robots, prosthetics, orthotics, active exoskeletons, and other nonlinear systems; Exploitation of natural dynamic motions; Actuators for force/torque controllable systems
Research Interests: Precision machine design; development of exoskeletons and robotic prostheses; dynamics of human locomotion; biomedical system identification; neural control of movement; biomechanics; human performance augmentation
Research Interests: Computer modeling and optimal synthesis of mechanical (and non-mechanical) products and systems. Computational design for manufacture/assembly/environment. Simultaneous design of products/manufacturing systems/supply chains. Computer modeling and synthesis of MEMS/NEMS. Chemo/bio-informatics. Structure-based virtual screening for drug discovery and design.
Research Interests: As a materials scientist and engineer with an interest in synthesis, processing, and functionalization of ceramics and hydrogels, his research is highly interdisciplinary guided by the fields of energy storage/conversion and biomedicine.
Research Interests: Fluid mechanics including waves, computation, stability, asymptotics; steep and breaking waves; spectral method development; mechanics of fish swimming; saliva rheology and swallowing physics,fluid mechanics of industrial processes including laser and arc welding, coating and mixing, and tribology.
Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Arthur F. Thurnau Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Associate Vice President for Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering, UMOR; Co-Director, General Motors Engine Systems Research Collaborative Research Laboratory
Research Interests: Development and application of laser-based and other optical measurement techniques to enable studies of mass and energy transfer at high pressures and high temperatures in mechanically restricted and vibrating environments, such as present in IC engines, stationary combustion, and multi-phase mixing processes.
Research Interests: Development of high-capacity materials and systems for energy storage applications; computational materials science; nanoscale chemistry and its impact on the mechanical properties of materials; thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations; multi-scale modeling; integrated computational materials engineering
Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Arthur F. Thurnau Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Miller Faculty Scholar Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Miller Faculty Scholar Associate Professor, Biomedical Engineering
Research Interests: Medical device design, development, and assessment; wearable balance prostheses and rehabilitation aids; sensory augmentation; biofeedback; mechatronics; haptic interfaces; biomechanics including mobility impairments; affordable medical technologies for the developing world.
Research Interests: Environmental and sustainable technology systems; life cycle product design optimization; pollution prevention technologies for manufacturing; metalworking fluid formulation and performance; membrane filtration; supercritical fluid delivery of lubricants; biological detection and control in aqueous systems; technology policy analysis.
Research Interests: Systems and control including machine design, control, monitoring, and diagnostics; physical system modeling; automated modeling; bond graph theory; proper modeling of active suspensions; proper vehicle handling and ride models; high efficiency dynamic formulations for vehicle dynamics; monitoring and control of thermally induced spindle bearing loads; design and control of high speed spindles and novel milling machines.
Research Interests: Micromechanics modeling of materials; interfacial fracture mechanics and adhesion; mechanical properties of thin films and coatings; toughening mechanisms in polymers; mechanical properties of structural adhesives.
Research Interests: Control theory and applications; logic control for manufacturing systems including diagnostics, fault handling, and recovery; modular control systems; networked control systems; performance management of computing systems; web-based tutorials for controls education.
Research Interests: Optimization, modeling, design and control of nonlinear and hybrid dynamical systems especially as related to human and robot interaction with one another and the environment; specific applications include the locomotion of legged robots, driver modeling for retraining and semiautonomous vehicle active safety systems, and the development of techniques to automate diagnostic and rehabilitative tasks.
Professor, Mechanical Engineering; Professor, Chemical Engineering; Professor, Biomedical Engineering; Professor, Macromolecular Science and Engineering; Professor, Applied Physics; Professor, Biophysics
Research Interests: Multiscale simulations of complex systems, nanoparticle growth and self-assembly, nanoparticle interactions with biomolecular systems, applied chemical kinetics, aerosols. Chemical and physical properties of fuels, alternative fuels, lubricants.
Research Interests: Structural dynamics and vibration, including metastable & multi-stable metastructures, origami mechanics & dynamics, adaptive structural & materials systems, with applications in vibration & wave control, vibration energy harvesting, structural health monitoring, and vehicle drivetrain dynamics & controls.
Research Interests: Mechanics of continua including nonlinear elasticity and viscoelasticity of polymers; theory of interacting continua; non-Fickian diffusion in polymers; yield-induced phenomena in polymers; modeling microstructural changes in polymers; studies in electrorheological fluids.
Research Interests: Combustion, fluid mechanics and thermodynamics including combustion synthesis; pollution mitigation; reburn and co-firing technologies; reaction kinetics; aerosol sampling and transport; optical diagnostics; gas dynamics.